Table

Number

Country

Case study

Coastal type

Policy

Measure

1.

Belgium

De Haan

Sedimentary macrotidal
(Sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Seawall / Nourishment

2.

Belgium

Zeebrugge-Knokke Heist

Sedimentary macrotidal
(Sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Seawall / Groynes / Harbour breakwater / Nourishment

3.

Bulgaria

Shabla-Krapetz

Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(Sandy beaches)
Hold the line / Managed realignment Seawall / Dyke

4.

Cyprus

Dolos-Kiti

Sedimentary microtidal
(Shingle beaches)
Limited intervention / Do nothing Harbour breakwater / Groynes / Detached breakwater / Revetment

5.

Denmark

Hyllingebjerg-Liseleje

Soft rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(Sandy beaches)
Hold the line Slope protection / Groynes / Detached breakwater / Nourishment

6.

Denmark

Køge bay

Sedimentary microtidal
(Sandy beaches and dunes)
Move seaward / Hold the line Groynes / Dyke / Filter tubes

7.

Denmark

Western coast of Jutland

Sedimentary microtidal
(Sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold line / Managed realignment / Do nothing / Limited intervention Groynes / Detached breakwater / Revetment/ Nourishment / Dune protection

8.

Estonia

Tallin

Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy & shingle beaches, narrow vegetated shores, artificial coastline)
Hold the line / Limited Intervention Revegetation forestry / Nourishment / Seawall / Slope protection

9.

Finland

Western coast of Finland

Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy & shingle beaches, saltmarsh)
Do nothing None

10.

France

Aquitaine coast

Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line /Limited intervention Revegetation / Seawall / Revetment / Groynes

11.

France

Chatelaillon

Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beach)
Hold the line / (Move seaward) Seawall / Groynes (past) Nourishment

12.

France

Haute-Normandie

Soft Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(shingle beaches)
Do Nothing / Hold the line / Managed realignment Groynes / Nourishment

13.

France

Rémire–Montjoly
(French Guyana)

Hard Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches)
Do nothing (Limited intervention-future) Future: Breakwater / Nourishment

14.

France

Rhône delta

Sedimentary microtidal
(delta, sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line / Do Nothing / Limited intervention Groynes / Seawall / Breakwater / Revetment / Nourishment / Wind trap Sand ripping

15.

France

Sables d’Olonne

Hard Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Seawall / Beach drainage

16.

Germany

Elbe estuary

Sedimentary macrotidal
(estuary, saltmarsh)
Hold the line Dyke / Revetment / Saltmarsh creation / Polder / Groynes / Saltmarsh Drainage

17.

Germany

Isle of Sylt
(Isles Schleswig-Holstein)

Soft Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line / Managed realignment Revetment / Seawall / Rif Enhancement / Groynes / Nourishment

18.

Germany

Rostock

Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line / Limited intervention Groynes / Revetment / Seawall / Revegetation / Nourishment

19.

Greece

Lakkopetra

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches)
Limited intervention Detached breakwater

20.

Greece

Mesollogi lagoon area

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes, saltmarsh)
Hold the line Groynes

21.

Ireland

Rosslare

Soft Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Groynes / Revetment / Nourishment

22.

Ireland

Rossnowlagh

Soft Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
None
(Locally Hold the line)
Revetment
(Future: dune nourishment)

23.

Italy

Cirqaccio-Ciracciello 
(Isle of Procida)
Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beach)
Hold the line Beach drainage / Breakwater

24.

Italy

Giardini-Naxos  
(Isle of Sicily)

Hard Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beach)
Hold the line Groynes / Seawall / Detached breakwater / Nourishment

25.

Italy

Goro mouth- Po delta

Sedimentary microtidal
(delta, sandy beaches and dunes)
Limited intervention / Hold the line Nourishment / Groynes / Revetment / Dune rebuilding

26.

Italy

Lu Littaroni -
La Liccia
(Isle of Sardinia)

Hard Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Do nothing None

27.

Italy

Marina di Massa - Marina di Pisa

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches, artificial coastline)
Hold the line Seawall / Groynes / Detached breakwater / Submerged breakwater / Nourishment

28.

Italy

Marina di Ravenna-Lido Adriano

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Seawall / Submerged breakwater / Detached breakwater / Groynes / Jetty / Nourishment

29.

Italy

Marinella di Sarzana

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches)
Hold the line Groynes / Detached breakwater / Jetty / Artificial island / Nourishment

30.

Italy

Vecchia Pineta

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Submerged breakwater / Nourishment / Beach Drainage

31.

Latvia

Gulf of Riga

Sedimentary microtidal
(delta, sandy beaches and dunes, narrow vegetated shores)
Limited intervention / Hold the line Forest plantation / Seawall / Revetment / Nourishment

32.

Lithuania

Klaipeda

Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes, narrow vegetated shores)
Limited intervention Forest plantation / Nourishment

33.

Malta

Xemxija -
Ghajn Tuffieha

Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches)
Do nothing / Limited intervention Revegetation

34.

The Netherlands

Holland coast

Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Nourishment / Groynes

35.

The Netherlands

Wadden Sea islands

Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Limited intervention / Hold the line / Do nothing Groynes / Revetment / Nourishment / Cross-shore dam

36.

The Netherlands

Western Scheldt estuary

Sedimentary macrotidal
(estuary, saltmarsh)
Hold the line / Move seaward Nourishment / Revetment / Groyne / Pier protection

37.

Poland

Hel peninsula

Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Groynes / Seawall / Nourishment

38.

Poland

Western Coast of Poland

Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line / Do nothing Seawall / Groynes / Nourishment / Revegetation

39.

Portugal

Azores
(Azores Islands)

Hard Rock Hold the line Harbours / Marinas / Slope stabilisation

40.

Portugal

Cova do Vapor

Soft Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Nourishment / Groynes / Seawall

41.

Portugal

Estela

Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Limited intervention Dune nourishment / Sand ripping / Wind trap / Sand bags

42.

Portugal

Vagueira-Mira

Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line / Managed realignment Groynes / Jetty / Nourishment

43.

Portugal

Vale do Lobo

Soft Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Revetment / Nourishment

44.

Romania

Danube delta

Sedimentary microtidal
(delta, sandy beaches and dunes)
(Hold the line)
Do Nothing
Jetty / Groynes / Nourishment

45.

Romania

Mamaia

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Limited intervention / Hold the line Detached breakwater / Nourishment

46.

Slovenia

Slovenian coast

Hard Rock
Soft Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(shingle beaches, saltmarshes, artificial coastline)
Hold the line / Limited intervention / Move seaward Seawall / Submerged breakwater / Dyke

47.

Spain

Can Picafort
(Isle of Mallorca)

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Limited intervention Nourishment

48.

Spain

Castellón

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy & shingle beaches, dunes)
Hold the line Groynes / Detached breakwater / Nourishment

49.

Spain

Ebro delta

Sedimentary microtidal
(delta, sandy beaches and dunes)
Limited intervention / Hold the line / (Managed relignment) Dune nourishment / Wind traps / Revegetation / Beach Drainage

50.

Spain 

El Médano
(Canary Islands)

Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches and dunes, narrow vegetated shores)
Do nothing / Limited intervention Dune nourishment / Revegetation

51.

Spain

Gross

Hard Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy beaches)
Hold the line Jetty / Nourishment

52.

Spain

Mar Menor

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line / Limited intervention Groynes / Nourishment

53.

Spain

Sitges

Hard Rock
Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches)
Hold the line Groynes / Detached breakwater / Seawall / Artificial island / Nourishment

54.

Sweden

Falsterbo peninsula

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Do nothing Seawall / Groynes(Future: revegetation / nourishment)

55.

Sweden

Ystad

Sedimentary microtidal
(sandy beaches and dunes)
Hold the line Groynes / Seawall / Dune plantation / Geotextile

56.

United Kingdom

Essex estuaries

Sedimentary macrotidal
(estuary, saltmarsh, shingle beaches)
Hold the line / Managed realignment / Do nothing Seawall / Revetments / Embankment / Groynes / Polder / Nourishment

57.

United Kingdom

Holderness coast

Soft Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(sandy and shingle beaches)
Hold the line /
Do nothing
Groynes / Seawall / Revetment

58.

United Kingdom

Humber estuary

Sedimentary macrotidal
(estuary, saltmarsh)
Hold the line / (Managed realignment) Embankment / Revetment / Seawall / Tidal flat recreation

59.

United Kingdom

Luccombe- Blackgang
(Isle of Wight)

Soft Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(shingle beaches)
Managed realignment / Hold the line / Do nothing Seawall / Revetment / Groynes / Nourishment / Slope stabilisation

60.

United Kingdom

South Downs
(Sussex)

Soft Rock
Sedimentary macrotidal
(shingle beaches)
Hold the line / Managed realignment Seawall / Groynes / Nourishment