Haute-Normandie - France
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CASE STUDY

Title Haute-Normandie
National level France
Regional level Conseil Régional de Haute-Normandie et Conseil Général de la Seine Maritime
Local level Pays de Caux

ABSTRACT

The cliffs of the study area extend over 130 km of shoreline. The cliffs have an average height of 70 m. A wide shore platform (150-300 m) develops at their feet, covered on its landward margin by a thin shingle or pebble beach. These cliffs are cut by numerous dry and drained valleys perpendicular to the shoreline, and protected by a shingle beach. The evolution of the cliff coast is influenced by the combination of marine and continental processes. The pebble beaches are under the impact of the action of the hydrodynamic conditions, especially the wave. It is very hightly exposed to the western storms.

Because of the shapes of the Channel sea-floor and the coasts, this area is subject to macrotidal tides creating alternative currents parallel to the coastline. These currents carried only mud and coarse grained. The dominant direction is to the NE. The transport of the pebbles is dominated by a longshore drift. The direction of the dominant longshore is SW-NE. This is strongly influenced by manís actions (pears, jetties, extraction) modifying the volume and the progression of the protective pebble beaches.

Tourism and recreation are the major functions of the coastal zone. The coastal erosion management in Haute-Normandy and Picardy has been performed through construction of rigid defences in times of crisis which have a limited lifetime, a localised effect, and are often disruptive for the pebble longshore drift. An increase of the rockfall frequency appears at the immediate down of transversal sea defences (harbour jetties or major groynes), showing the impact of these obstacles on the pebble longshore drift.

The adopted policy option is do nothing for the cliff erosion and hold the line for the pebble beaches. The engineering options are both soft (nourishment of pebble beach, but itís exceptional) and hard (groynes). The strategy is now to work as much as possible with natural processes.

BASIC INFORMATION

Coastal characteristics
  • Study area: 130 km ; Sedimentary cell: 100 km between Cap díAntifer and Le Tréport (but cell cut in severals cells)
  • Type of coast: Soft rock, shingle beaches
  • Tidal regime: macrotidal· Range of waves : mean Hsig = 3.5-4.5.
Policy options Do nothing, Hold the line, Managed realignment
Socio-economic activities Harbours and tourism, nuclear plants
Engineering techniques Groynes and nourishment

SOURCE

Name Stephane Costa
Institution Université de Caen Basse Normandie
Address Laboratoire Géophen, Esplanade de la paix BP5186
14032 Caen Cedex (France)
Telephone / fax +33 02 31 56 53 72/+33 02 31 56 63 84
Email Stephane.costa4@libertysurf.fr